1. 1.      What is a digital signature


Digital Signature Certificates (DSC) are the digital equivalent (that is electronic format) of physical or paper certificates. Examples of physical certificates are drivers' licenses, passports or membership cards. Certificates serve as proof of identity of an individual for a certain purpose; for example, a driver's license identifies someone who can legally drive in a particular country. Likewise, a digital certificate can be presented electronically to prove your identity, to access information or services on the Internet or to sign certain documents digitally.


  1. 2.      Why it is required ?

Physical documents are signed manually, similarly, electronic documents, for example e-forms are required to be signed digitally using a Digital Signature Certificate.


  1. 3.      Who Can issue a DSC.

A licensed Certifying Authority (CA) issues the digital signature. Certifying Authority (CA) means a person who has been granted a license to issue a digital signature certificate under Section 24 of the Indian IT-Act 2000.The list of licensed CAs along with their contact information is available on the MCA portal. 


  1. 4.      What type/Class of DSC Required for MCA/ROC work?

The different types of Digital Signature Certificates are:

Class 2: Here, the identity of a person is verified against a trusted, pre-verified database.

Class 3: This is the highest level where the person needs to present himself or herself in front of a Registration Authority (RA) and prove his/ her identity.


  1. 5.       What is the Legal status of DSC.

Digital Signatures are legally admissible in a Court of Law, as provided under the provisions of IT Act, 2000.

  1. 6.      What is the cost of a DSC ?

            Rs  700/- per dsc with e-token  for Class -2 ( for MCA and Income Tax )

            Rs. 850/- per DSC with e-token for Class -2B ( for Vat )

            Rs 3300/- per dsc with e-token for Class-3 ( For e-tender )

            Rs 4500/- per with e-token for Class-3 with encryption ( for e-tender ) 

       1.7  Where can I use Digital Signature Certificates?
        You can use Digital Signature Certificates for the following:

  • For secure email and web-based transactions, or to identify other participants of web-based transactions.
  • To prove ownership of a domain name and establish SSL/ TLS encrypted secured sessions between your website and the user for web based transactions.
  • As a developer, for proving authorship of a code and retaining integrity of the distributed software programs.
  • For signing web forms, e-tendering documents, filing income tax returns, to access membership-based websites automatically without entering a user name and password etc.